Unending story of Hyderabad
The annexation of the Princely state of Hyderabad which took place amidst high drama on 17th September 1948 continues to hog limelight even today. Every year the communal forces in Hyderabad rake up this issue to tease the Muslim community which is now in its third generation.
Normally, this day is celebrated quietly in party headquarters but this time it was planned at different way. This is because it is the first Telangana Liberation Day after formation of separate Telangana state.
The TRS government has rejected the demand of the BJP and the communist parties to officially celebrate the day. However, tension prevailed at the Golconda Fort as police arrested some activists of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) trying to hoist the national flag to celebrate Telangana Liberation Day on September 17.
The TRS government has denied permission to the BJP to unfurl the national flag at the historic fort. Police prevented BJP workers from entering the fort with the national flag and foiled the attempt to spread communal hatred in the city. The response from the BJP leader Kishan Reddy, to this was very pithy. In an obvious reference to Muslims, he said that "KCR should decide whether he wants Razakars or people of Telangana."
This statement was rebutted by the Telangana Joint Action Committee (TJAC), which fought for separate Telangana state. It has called upon people to observe the day as merger and not view it on communal lines. It cautioned the people against those who were trying to distort the Deccan history and make September 17, an issue to spread communal hatred.
It was on this day in 1948 that then princely state of Hyderabad merged with the Indian Union following the police action, as the Indian military operation against Nizam's army and Razakars' (volunteers) finally came to an end.
Many say, Nizam VII was a secular ruler who extended financial aid to many Hindu temples.
Comments of my friend Manjula Kumar who lives in Hyderabad- You did not get ur facts right mujtaba. What happened was not trivial matter and it is not done to tease them Muslims. Because several muslims during that period opposed the nizam"s tyranny . The terror unleashed by razakars was unimaginable. I had lot of those incidents from my grandparents, mother, aunts and even from my servant maids. Such writeup hurts people like us.
My reply; Hi, thanks for reading my comments but you have totally got me wrong. Let me place this before you that I or for that matter any peace loving citizen do not approve the wrongs of Razakars which had sprung up from nowhere in the high noon of princely states in India to defend the Nizam’s rule in Hyderabad.
My point is Razakars should not be related to all the Muslims of Hyderabad. There were Muslims in all sorts of organizations that were present at that time. A large of Muslims had nothing to do with the developments and was mere fence sitter. They were not Razakars and anyone trying to equate all Muslims with Razakar is poisoning the society and sowing the communal seeds that current generation like you will blindly sallow. My objection was to the current BJP leader who was trying to do hate mongering.
My second point was, history good or bad is behind us and there is no purpose to glorify the rights and wrongs of history. I was trying to drive this point home any event that disturbs peace should not be raked up for the general good of the society.
What Razakars did is common folklore. The pain is still there in the society and that is what you are referring to that you have learnt from your elders. In the aftermath of the fall of the Hyderabad princely state, the revenge that was carried out against the atrocities of the razakars that you are talking about is equally chilling.
The Sunderlal report is testimony to these facts. You can read my write up -http://www.countercurrents.org/mujtaba290913.htm- Now the debate whether the atrocities of the razakars or that of the Indian army against the suspected razakars does serve any purpose. How can we do a grading as who exceeded in the atrocities more, the razakars or the Indian army? Does such debate that has no relevance in 2014?
Now few words about the last ruler of Hyderabad; well he was a person who was born to rule a kingdom. He was like any ruler of the 565 Princely states in the country. He had the aura of being the richest man in the world.
In one of the Princely states meeting in 1930, he met the Maharaja of Darbhanga state of Bihar, the place from where I come. He had asked the ruler with title Maharaja whether he was able to eat two square a meal or not! That was the arrogance of wealth; he wanted to throw around unknowingly.
Well coming to his political powers, he actually was just a ceremonial head of the state and had all responsibilities but no power what so ever. He had long ago lost all the powers of governance of his state to the British residency stationed at ‘Koti.’
Some allege that he was financing the Razakars in the last days of his rule, may be true or not this only seasoned historians can say. A caveat to it is in 1932, when, Jinnah came to meet him in the current Administrative Staff College building, the ruler shouted at the top of his voice and his to leave at once as he did not approved any separatist ideas.
It is another story that in 1947, when Pakistan came into being the same ruler gave a huge sum of money to the new state that is still locked in the Lloyd Bank, London and not yet been cashed.
The princely ruler’s entire life should not be judged with his conduct of last days of rule that was to prevent the fall. In a sense of desperation 1945, the ruler even contemplated buying Goa from the Portuguese and wanted Muslim population of Hyderabad to shift to Goa. If this would have happened the act of Muhammad bin Tuglak may have been repeated.
However, the Muslims of Hyderabad whom the BJP leader has called as Razakars refused to entertain any such idea and wanted to live and die in Hyderabad. Similar comments RSS ‘prachark’ and current ruler of the country has made about Indian Muslims.
Well once can go on telling such tales but got wrap this saying that in the interest of the society, sometimes it’s better to forget past and build a future where each one live without any fear and with all human dignity in complete peace and harmony.